#1 Power sourcesChickenGuard Extreme opener is powered by some way are solar, batteries and electric. You can connect this opener to the mains supply if your chicken coop is permanent. The solar kit also recharges the batteries so you will have to worry about power failure. Moreover, it equipped with the indicator LED light that will always let you know if there is any power problem. Brinsea chick safe automatic opener powered by 4 x AA batteries supplied or electric powered via USB cable. Batteries will prevent power outages. But the drawback is that you will need to replace them since 4 AA batteries can last for only 6-9 months.
#2 Programmable controlChickenguard Extreme allows users can program the time to open in the morning and close in the evening the door by setting the timer or using the easily adjusted (LUX) Light Sensor Brinsea Chick opener comes with the timer and the light sensors to trigger the door to open at dawn and shut at dusk automatically. That means you can schedule a specific time you want to open an close to your coop door.
#3 QualityChickenGuard produces a high-quality automatic opener product that is cover by the weatherproof casing and encapsulated in epoxy resin, which makes this opener can withstand the elements even in the severe weather. ChickenGuard Extreme opener has the ability to lift the door of 4kg. It includes the highly durable cord, which offers a breaking strain of 25kg Brinsea Products Chicken Coop Door Opener has the door and runners are made of high-quality alumina, which is designed to resistant rot, corrosion and warping. The door is also waterproof, impact-resistant and lightening proof so you will not worry to use it on any weather condition.
#1 Water CapacityWater capacity is the amount of water the fogger can hold. It will determine the running time of a reptile fogger. The larger tank capacity will not require refilling water frequently as much as the smaller ones. BETAZOOER fogger has the tank capacity of 2,5 liters of water providing a maximum fog output of about 320ml per hour. With this large tank capacity, BETAZOOER can last for days without a refill. Zoo Med fogger is the smaller device. This fogger comes with a tank that can hold for 1 liter of water. Zoo Med Reptifogger is perfect for small terrariums by its capacity.
#2 VersatileNot all reptiles have the same need for humidity levels. It is better to get the fogger that offers an adjustable misting setting, which allows you to control the amount of fog output. Luckily, these two foggers come with adjustable fog output control. You can easily adjust the fog output by the rotate bottom in front of the devices. Moreover, with the large range fog output, BETTAZOOER fogger can satisfy specific of different reptiles.
#3 Flexible HoseThe hose is where the water passes through the tank to deliver the fog to the enclosure. The flexible hose helps for easier setting up the fogger. Furthermore, it is better to get the device with a long hose if possible. BATAZOOOER comes with a stretchable hose, it ranges from 1.3 up to 5.3-feet. It includes two suction cups that allow you to easily stick the hose to the tank. You are also allowed to adjust the hose to fit in the tank. Zoo Med Reptifogger has an adjustable hose that extends up to 3 feet. This is the drawback of this fogger since the hose is too hose.
#1 The size of heat padIt is obvious that you have to choose the heat pad that suits your tank size. It is perfect to choose the reptile heating pad that covers 2/3 of your tank bottom. This will create the gradient temperature in the tank with a warmer side and a cooler side. Your pets can be able to choose the temperature that they want. Vivosun is available in 2 different sizes. 6x8 inches is designed for 10-20 gallons tanks and 8x12 inches suits 30-40 gallons glass terrariums. The Fluker’s mat is the square with 11x11 inches. This size of heat mad is ideally for small to the medium tank.
#2 Stick anywhereThe same feature of these two heat pads is that they both do not come with their own adhesive. With the heat pad include adhesive, it will be stuck permanently to the bottom and once you stuck it, you cannot change the placement again. This also makes you harder when cleaning the tank. To install them, you can use duct tape or electrical tape. And you can totally roll them up and move them to another place as you see fit.
#3 Maintain a constant temperatureFluker’s mat is a low wattage heating pad. This heat mat can reach the temperature of 100F. However, it tends to concentrate heat in the center, so the outer zone the temperature is around 80F. The advantage of his feature is that you do not have to worry about there being too much heat. It will more suitable for animals that require lower temperatures. They also can use for plastic enclosures without melting plastic. Vivosun is better tan Fluker to maintain a constant temperature. It can reach to 104F. It contains the nichrome heating agent and an 8-watt appliance. Vivosun is an ideal heat pad for those who are looking for consistency, it produces the same heat all the time but does not go out from safe levels.
The tankYou have to decide where you place the tank, due to that choosing the tank size that will fit with that place. But there is the basic rule that is larger always better. And one inch of fish should have one gallon of water. You also have to choose between acrylic and glass tank. Glass is easier to clean, cheaper. But acrylic is more lightweight.
Lighting systemThe kind of lighting will depend on the type of system you have panned to set up and the type of fish. But for almost the case, the best LED aquarium lighting is the most popular. They are not cheap but can use for both freshwater and saltwater.
FilterThere are some different types of filters out there. The external filter will work more powerful but tank lots of space outside the tank. Internal filter is cheaper and space the space outside but it is less effective.
Substrate and decorationSome kit will come with substrate and decoration, but some are not. You can choose these things due to your preference.
Air pumpsAir pumps will increase the water flow and create oxygen. But it is non-essential equipment if your filter did great the work of circulating the water.
What is the best portion of bearded dragons?Do you wonder if feeding bearded dragons a lot of greens are good for them or not? It is absolutely yes. Feeding a variety of greens gives them a much amount of nutrients, which they need to keep their bones strong and boost the immune system. Generally, a bearded dragon’s greens diet will depend on their age, on average about 50% plants and 50% meat. But if you are feeding adult bearded dragons, 75%-80% of their portion should be vegetables.
What are the best greens for bearded dragon?The recommended is that a variety of dark, leafy are best greens for bearded dragons such as broccoli, turnip greens, clover, cabbage, green beans, bell peppers, kale, mustard greens, kohlrabi, etc. These greens are the supply of vitamins and minerals and should make up a large part of their portion. Followed yellow, red and orange vegetables also can be fed such as carrots, corn, sweet potato, mushroom, etc. Your bearded dragon should avoid eating light green vegetables, which mainly contain fiber and water but fewer nutrients.
What to do when beaded dragon does not eat these greens?You can feed them cooked or raw vegetables, but raw is always contain more nutrients. Vegetables should be washed clean and sliced into thin. Different greens have different certain vitamins and calcium. Some bearded dragons prefer to eat only certain greens and they are picky when you feed them. In this case, you should mix up the greens they like and do not like to eat as a salad; you can ensure their portions are always balanced. Note: Never place bearded dragon food directly on the substrate. Even the best substrate for bearded dragons can cause a certain effect if a bearded dragon eats them.
#1 MaterialThe first thing to consider after buying your 4 slice toaster is material. This factor will affect the result and quality of your toaster. Stainless steel is an idea and high-quality material because it is durable, dirt-resistant easy to clean up. But it tends to scratches, take you more attention when using. The material must be a non-corrosive substance and do not rust out by time when exposed to air and water. A stainless steel slicer with a cover layer by glossy chrome can do it well.
#2 Extra functionThere are many extra functions that could be contained in one device, this may the standard for choosing your best 4 slice toaster. Some settings such as bagel, defrost, reheat, keep warm will help you solve much trouble in cooking. While functions like accurate timers, working temperature, toasting modes, etc will ensure you will make the perfect toasts.
#3 Easy to cleanYou will surely want to keep your toaster clean, the toaster comes with a removable crumb tray will save you a lot of time cleaning instead of turn the toaster upside down.
How Long Does Tahini Last in the Fridge?
#1 Unopened TahiniFrom when you leave the grocery stores and just use up just 1 jar of tahini, the remaining jars are still sealed and can last for a very long time in the fridge. The shelf life of tahini doesn’t depend on the amount of time you store tahini, it depends on the expiry date printed on the package. It can last up to 3 to 4 weeks even after its sell-by date and up to 6 months after its best-buy date when being kept in the fridge or pantry. For some brands, tahini can last up to 2 years so they might be added some preservatives, check the ingredients list to make sure if they use or not. Generally, one thing you need to consider when buying tahini from the grocery store is notice the expiry date, sell-by date and best-by date to avoid purchasing jars of tahini that are close to the spoiling time.
#2 Opened TahiniOnce your jar of tahini is opened, I’m sure that it cannot last as long as the unopened one, the process of food degradation seems to speed up. If you don’t use the fridge, your tahini can last for about 1 to 2 months in the pantry. But if you choose to store in the refrigerator, the shelf life of tahini can be lengthened up to 6 months. To ensure its shelf life to reach the maximum storing time, you should consider wrapping your tahini in the best airtight container. External factors such as bacteria, the smell of other food in the fridge can affect the quality of opened jars if you don’t use any proper storing method. This can definitely cause spoilage to tahini and also means that your tahini could change to a bitter taste.
How Long does Chinese Food Last in the Fridge?Chinese food expresses an important image of Chinese culture. It uses a variety of flavors and ingredients in a dozen cooking methods. Normal Chinese food I’ve eaten is from the restaurants so it was fully processed. If I cannot eat all of those delicious dishes, I have let them stored in the fridge for the next meals. I have to put them in the airtight containers or vacuum sealed plastic bag for about 3 to 4 days. With packed Chinese food from grocery stores such as dim sum, you can check the sell-by date and best-by date to decide how long can it be safe to eat. Chinese food can last an additional of about 1 month after its sell-by date and about 4 - 6 months after its best-by date.
Camping in New Zealand: When and Where to StartAlthough some (not all) campgrounds in New Zealand are open year-round, camping season generally runs from October 1st to April 30th. December, January, and February are the warmest and most popular months, making the new year the ideal time to camp. However, it can still get chilly depending on where you are in the country, especially in the mountains. Spending the night in the area of Milford Sound, for example, can be quite chilly, and the South of the South Island is generally prone to rain. To avoid crowds, pay attention to the types of campsites you select and make note of New Zealand’s holidays. Campsites near lakes and beaches can be very busy on holidays and weekends and a lot of sites are first-come, first-served (only some need to be booked in advance). To start planning, check out the Department of Conservation website (DOC) or if you are already in New Zealand, visit the nearest DOC Visitor Centre. These offices have a lot of information on hand, including brochures outlining all of the conservation campsites throughout the country and which campsites are currently closed or inaccessible. This is also where you would purchase permits for select campsites that require them.
Helpful Apps for Camping in New ZealandCamping is such a huge part of the culture in New Zealand that several camping apps have been made and are available to download. These apps were immensely helpful to us, so try out a few and decide which one works for you. We ended up using a couple different apps because some campsites would appear on one but not the other. These apps may also show free Wifi hotspots across the country, showers, bathrooms, etc. Wifi is not available while you’re driving in the middle of nowhere, so we would start off our day by marking the GPS coordinates of where we were going to end, as well as anywhere we planned on stopping on our way. Some of the maps and their features also work offline. Our favorite part about the apps were the reviews. Keeping in mind that an individual’s experience of a campsite is subjective, the reviews give campers an opportunity to relay helpful information to others. For example, some reviews may advise against using a certain route to access the site, or avoiding another site because the only toilet is out of order. We once read a review that warned us about the prevalence of sandflies at a campsite. We thought it would be fine because we were only planning on staying one night, but we had to leave within five minutes because a plague attacked us as soon as we got out of the car. While we were camping in New Zealand, we used these two apps:
CAMPING NZDownload for iOS Download for Android
WIKICAMPS NEW ZEALANDDownload for iOS Download for Android
What to BringWe planned on preparing a checklist of items and gear you would need to go camping, but that list can be long and vary depending on how you like to camp. If that is what you are looking for, the folks over at Kiwi Holiday Parks have a general but comprehensive camping checklist that you can find here. We can highlight and add some items that we found helpful specifically for camping across DOC sites in New Zealand.
- Weatherproofing: Bring a waterproof tent with a rain cover. Make sure the tent bottom is also waterproof. Rain is more of a concern on the South Island, but something to prepare for nonetheless. If you may be camping where the nights are cool, a warm sleeping bag will be very important.
- Sun Protection: The sun in New Zealand is no joke. At peak hours during Summer months, the UV index can exceed 12, making sunscreen a must. Bring a hat to protect your head if you are planning on taking some hikes, and don’t forget sun protection for your lips.
- Bug Repellant: We would suggest bug spray if you can’t stand even the smallest amount of annoyance, but we didn’t find it necessary. We didn’t use any except for the aforementioned sandfly plague, but even then it was no match against the swarm. Check out Goodbye Sandfly’s NZ Map for an overview of high density sandfly spots across the country. Our sandfly experience occurred in the dense red cluster you can see at the North of the South Island, so we can vouch for the map’s accuracy in that instance.
- Gas Camping Stove: There are many camp sites where open fires are prohibited. We had with us a portable burner that worked off of a small, contained wood fire, and even that wasn’t permitted sometimes. Luckily for us, the site office had a gas stove to lend us, so go that route from the beginning and ensure you always have something to cook on.
- Flashlight (Torch): At Basic campsites (more on that later), amenities are minimal. The drop toilet can be a walk down the road with no light to guide your way. Having a flashlight will be very handy for those unavoidable nature calls in the middle of the night.
- A Pen and Change/Cash: DOC sites run on a semi-honour system. If there is no supervision on a paid site, a payment box is located at the entrance, and site patrollers make intermittent rounds to collect and ensure payment. Use your pen to fill out the form and detach the portion to be placed on your car windshield. Once complete, you can put the form and exact change in the provided ziploc bag and drop it in the payment box.
- GPS: Couple a GPS with the use of the apps for camping in New Zealand, and finding your site for the night could not be easier. While on Wifi – or using the offline maps – mark down the GPS coordinates of your chosen site and plug them into your GPS when you are ready to head over.
- Food: Stock up on groceries for your trip and make sure you can always go a couple days without restocking. Though you are never too far from civilization while camping in New Zealand, some sites are more remote than others, or you may plan to stay at one site for a few nights in a row.
- Something Heavy: Every night we found a new campsite, we had to search around for something we could use to setup our tent. We could have saved some time had we packed a hammer or something to secure the tent pegs into the ground. If you forget to pack something, find a rock that works and hold onto it for the rest of your trip.
Site Types, Prices and AmenitiesNew Zealand is packed with DOC campsites with a range of amenities. There is everything from free sites with nothing more than a drop toilet, to paid options with hot showers and kitchens. We stayed at Basic and Standard sites for the most part. When we just could not go any longer without a nice, hot shower, we spoiled ourselves and dropped serious coin on a $15 NZD pp Serviced site. The money is worth it for the Serviced site when you need it, but the cheaper options are better for a more rustic, nature-oriented and likely less populated camping experience. Here is an overview of DOC site options: Serviced sites and some Standard and Scenic sites require bookings. You can still do like we did and simply show up hoping that there is space. It just means that there’s no guarantee unless you book it in advance. Basic campsites are always first-come, first-served. Use the apps for camping in New Zealand and the DOC website to find out which sites require bookings as you travel. In any case, find out whether the site has access times. The last thing you want to do is drive for an hour only to find out that the entrance gate closed at 8:00 pm. Budget camping is the focus of this guide, but we should quickly mention that there is the other, the much more expensive option of staying in New Zealand’s Holiday Parks. For more information on Holiday Parks, visit http://www.holidayparks.co.nz/
Ferry and Car RentalYou’ll need a car if your plan is to embark on a cross-country camping road trip. After the plane tickets, the car rental is the first thing we booked. There are many rental options available, especially if you are starting in Auckland. The company we went with and would recommend is Apex Car Rentals, and there’s a very good reason. With certain conditions, Apex includes the Cook Strait Ferry ticket for your car in the rental price. The Cook Strait Ferries (there are several companies) take you from the North Island to the South Island, and vice-versa. Normally, you’re looking at a price of roughly $286 NZD for a small car, and with other rental companies, you would have to pay that. Here are the details of the Apex Ferry deal, where you can also find the pricing information for the passenger fares (not included, but about $130 NZD return pp). You’ll need to book the ferry tickets ahead of time through Apex, so make sure you have your anticipated crossing dates on hand. If you don’t plan on crossing the strait, then you may find better deals with other companies that don’t include the ferry ticket.
Camping in New Zealand: Do Not ForgetNow that you’re informed and well equipped to experience an incredible camping road trip across New Zealand, here are a few additional basics to keep in mind:
- Fires: Many DOC campgrounds prohibit fires while others provide designated fire pits. In any case, be sure to follow the DOC’s regulations. If you are unsure, check with the site’s office or on the DOC website when there is no office. Always remember to soak your fire before leaving or going to bed.
- Garbage/Rubbish: Respect the area and don’t leave your trash behind.
- Prohibited Camping: There are spaces where camping is expressly prohibited, or limited to certain types of campers. Don’t pitch your tent on a campsite meant exclusively for campervans.
- Site fees: After only a few nights of camping in New Zealand’s breathtaking outdoors, you’ll appreciate the extent to which the DOC has made the outdoor experience so accessible. Support their efforts and always pay your nightly site fees.
Iceland Ring Road Trip: Driving Northeast
Our next stop was Iceland’s largest forest, located about 25 kilometers from the town of Egilsstaðir. Up until now, most of our hikes had been on land covered in moss with no trees in sight. Needless to say, it was a bizarre experience to suddenly encounter an abundance of trees, not having realized your mind had unconsciously missed them.
There are over forty kilometers of marked trails and footpaths in the Hallormsstaður National Forest, making it a perfect spot to hike and picnic for the day. We walked for a while, enjoying the heat of the sun, then plopped down for lunch with a view of the mountains beyond.
We didn’t end up staying for long but had us more time, we would have looked into renting a campsite for the night and booking one of the horse-riding tours for the following day.Dettifoss, Selfoss & Goðafoss Have we talked your ears off about waterfalls yet? It’s funny because when we started our road trip, we were amazed by all of the waterfalls we encountered, stopping at each and every one. After a couple weeks, however, we became a bit more picky about the waterfall detours we would take. These three are worth stopping for, and you can visit our dedicated ‘Iceland Waterfalls Aplenty‘ post to read about them in detail.
Iceland Ring Road Trip: Mývatn Region
Mývatn is the name of the lake situated not far from the Krafla volcano. Created by a large eruption over two thousand years ago, the area is mostly spluttering mudpots, weird lava formations, steaming fumaroles and volcanic craters. The name is nowadays not only used for the lake, but also for the whole inhabited area that surrounds the lake. Having already been to the Blue Lagoon, we opted not to visit the nature baths.
Our first stop in the region was the giant lava field at Dimmuborgir which, according to Icelandic folklore, connects Earth to Hell.
The area is composed of volcanic caves and rock formations, giving it its name which literally translates to ‘The Dark Castles’. You can hike three marked color-coded trails: Church Circle, Small Circle, and Big Circle. Church Circle is 2.25km and takes about an hour, whereas the other two are much shorter at 550m and 800m respectively.
We then visited Hverfell, a crater that came into existence over 2,500 years ago. It rises close to 500m from the ground and stretches for over 1000m. Composed solely of loose gravel, it reminded us of what you see after a dumpster drops gravel at a construction site. You can hike up from the parking lot with a bit of effort.
Höfði Nature Park was our next stop. A private reserve with hiking paths located in the southeastern corner of the region, Höfði is similar to Hallormsstaður in that you will feel like you are in a different country as you walk through the paths surrounded by the small forest. It also has great viewpoints that overlook other volcanic rock formations.
Traveling a bit further, we found the pseudocraters located in the small village of Skútustaðir. These craters, resembling a beginner course in Mario Kart, were formed by trapped subsurface water that came to a boiling point and exploded to the surface. We followed the path up and down, enjoying the wonderful views over the lake and dogging random banana peels along the way. Google an aerial view of this place to see what it really looks like.
Our last stop in the Mývatn region was at the steamy sulfur vents of Krafla. We parked in the lot and immediately after getting out the campervan, Adamo was smacked in the face with the smell. The odor was unlike any we had encountered before. This wasn’t simply the smell of rotten egg: the air was so pungent that it instantly gave him a headache and he found it hard to breathe. We started walking toward the mudpots for Adamo to take some photos, but he only managed a couple before he had to run back to the van. I think he was being dramatic, he thinks I’ve lost my sense of smell.