The tankYou have to decide where you place the tank, due to that choosing the tank size that will fit with that place. But there is the basic rule that is larger always better. And one inch of fish should have one gallon of water. You also have to choose between acrylic and glass tank. Glass is easier to clean, cheaper. But acrylic is more lightweight.
Lighting systemThe kind of lighting will depend on the type of system you have panned to set up and the type of fish. But for almost the case, the best LED aquarium lighting is the most popular. They are not cheap but can use for both freshwater and saltwater.
FilterThere are some different types of filters out there. The external filter will work more powerful but tank lots of space outside the tank. Internal filter is cheaper and space the space outside but it is less effective.
Substrate and decorationSome kit will come with substrate and decoration, but some are not. You can choose these things due to your preference.
Air pumpsAir pumps will increase the water flow and create oxygen. But it is non-essential equipment if your filter did great the work of circulating the water.
#1 The size of heat padIt is obvious that you have to choose the heat pad that suits your tank size. It is perfect to choose the reptile heating pad that covers 2/3 of your tank bottom. This will create the gradient temperature in the tank with a warmer side and a cooler side. Your pets can be able to choose the temperature that they want. Vivosun is available in 2 different sizes. 6x8 inches is designed for 10-20 gallons tanks and 8x12 inches suits 30-40 gallons glass terrariums. The Fluker’s mat is the square with 11x11 inches. This size of heat mad is ideally for small to the medium tank.
#2 Stick anywhereThe same feature of these two heat pads is that they both do not come with their own adhesive. With the heat pad include adhesive, it will be stuck permanently to the bottom and once you stuck it, you cannot change the placement again. This also makes you harder when cleaning the tank. To install them, you can use duct tape or electrical tape. And you can totally roll them up and move them to another place as you see fit.
#3 Maintain a constant temperatureFluker’s mat is a low wattage heating pad. This heat mat can reach the temperature of 100F. However, it tends to concentrate heat in the center, so the outer zone the temperature is around 80F. The advantage of his feature is that you do not have to worry about there being too much heat. It will more suitable for animals that require lower temperatures. They also can use for plastic enclosures without melting plastic. Vivosun is better tan Fluker to maintain a constant temperature. It can reach to 104F. It contains the nichrome heating agent and an 8-watt appliance. Vivosun is an ideal heat pad for those who are looking for consistency, it produces the same heat all the time but does not go out from safe levels.
What is an incubator?Hatching is a process that needs factors such as humidity, time, turning eggs, temperature. The best incubator will come handy in hatching eggs while responding to those factors. For example, hatching eggs will need ideal humidity of about 50% most of the time. Besides, people also use the incubator to define the heath of chicken eggs or duck and bird eggs as well. We recommend you to buy an incubator that comes with automatic egg turner, that will allow you to control temperature and prevents the sticking of the embryo to the inner shell of the egg.
Manual or AutomaticIf you are wonder between manual and automatic incubators, the automatic one is always the best incubator. You need to turn the egg twice a day. The automatic incubator will do it for you at the right time, automatically adjust temperatures, all you need to do is add more water every few days. Not just saving your time, an automatic incubator also ensures the accuracy and efficiency when hatching eggs.
SizeThere are different sizes of the incubator that go along with the capacities of them. The bigger an incubator is, the more eggs it is can maintain. The capacities of one device can range from three eggs to hundreds of eggs. If you have a large poultry farm with multiple chickens, you should buy a bigger incubator. The bigger one also comes with complicated features such as passive heat and automatic regulate temperature and humidity.
#1 Power sourcesChickenGuard Extreme opener is powered by some way are solar, batteries and electric. You can connect this opener to the mains supply if your chicken coop is permanent. The solar kit also recharges the batteries so you will have to worry about power failure. Moreover, it equipped with the indicator LED light that will always let you know if there is any power problem. Brinsea chick safe automatic opener powered by 4 x AA batteries supplied or electric powered via USB cable. Batteries will prevent power outages. But the drawback is that you will need to replace them since 4 AA batteries can last for only 6-9 months.
#2 Programmable controlChickenguard Extreme allows users can program the time to open in the morning and close in the evening the door by setting the timer or using the easily adjusted (LUX) Light Sensor Brinsea Chick opener comes with the timer and the light sensors to trigger the door to open at dawn and shut at dusk automatically. That means you can schedule a specific time you want to open an close to your coop door.
#3 QualityChickenGuard produces a high-quality automatic opener product that is cover by the weatherproof casing and encapsulated in epoxy resin, which makes this opener can withstand the elements even in the severe weather. ChickenGuard Extreme opener has the ability to lift the door of 4kg. It includes the highly durable cord, which offers a breaking strain of 25kg Brinsea Products Chicken Coop Door Opener has the door and runners are made of high-quality alumina, which is designed to resistant rot, corrosion and warping. The door is also waterproof, impact-resistant and lightening proof so you will not worry to use it on any weather condition.
#1 Choco Nose H128 No Drip Guinea Pigs Water BottleChoco Nose water bottle is designed with no drip technology - U.S patented leak-proof nozzle, which ensure that this bottle is completely leak-proof. But what I impress the most about this product is the 11.2 oz capacity, what is one of the biggest water bottle for hamster available. It will ensure that your hamster get enough water to drink through a day long. It is quite easy to install due tie the screw-on bracket. It features the mini size nozzle is around 10mm in diameter. The Choco Nose bottle offer the reliable price. It is available in 3 different colors that you can choose due to your cage set up.
#2 B.C Pet Small Animals Hamster Hideout Drinking Waterer 2-in-1 Water BottleAs the name suggested, this is not only a water bottle but also a cozy shelter place for your hamster. So you do not need to mount this bottle on the size of the cage, it can stand alone inside the hamster cage. If you think that it can be easy to tip over, this water bottle features the stand base that is made from plastic and metal. Plus, this base also can be compatible with other water bottle, that means you can use it with the other bottle as well. It is 13cm tall include a stand and having a volume of 80ml, this water bottle is big enough for one or two days for even the thirstiest hamsters. It is also low maintenance as it can be slide in and out for easy cleaning. The bottle Is odor and dust resistant. The nozzle features a premium rolling ball to prevent leaking issues. It is available in four different colors.
#3 Delight eShop 350ml Pet Rat Water Drinking BottleDelight Eshop water bottle is what will meet your expectation. It has almost all you need for the best hamster water bottle. The most attractive feature of it is the nozzle. The nozzle is designed with a stainless steel ball at the end of it that will prevent it from leaking. It ensure that the water only run out when the hamster is use it and close of all the times. It has 12 oz water capacity, one of the biggest bottle on the market for who are looking for the large capacity bottle.
#4 RentACoop No Drip Small Animal Water BottleThe RentACoop Small Animal Water Bottle is guaranteed to be chew proof and no-drip. You do not have to worry about your pet gnawing this bottle to pieces. You can mount this bottle outside of the wired cage. It has the capacity of 32oz and stay leak-proof all day long, due to the capacity, you can rest your mind as your pets ill have enough water to stay hydrated during the day. It features metal bracket allow you to mount it sturdily at the edge of any wire cages. It has flip-cap cover, what makes it super easy to refill. However, the drawback is that it quite difficult to remove from the cage for cleaning.
#5 Living World Eco + Water BottleIf you are who care about the environment, Living World water bottle is the best option for you. It is made from recycle material. It is extremely durable and safe, free of harmful chemicals. It comes with a double ball bearing and drip-resistant tube, which will prevent it from dripping and leaking. It also features a water level indicator, so you will know exactly the water level of the bottle to refill timely and know the amount of water that you hamster drink per time. There is a spring attachment makes it easy to mount and hang at any side of the wire cage. The different features of it is that it is available in 3 different sizes— 6 ounces, 12 ounces, and 26 ounces. However, it can be a trouble after long time used as the spring holder on the cage may be not sturdy enough.
What age can bearded dragons breed?Ideally, the time for breeding bearded dragon is after they turn to 18 months old. However, if you keep a male with a female in the same tank, they can breed sooner. Bearded dragon has its ability to breed from as young as 8 months. In some cases, the size of the bearded dragons seems to be more important than their age. But if the female dragons trying to lay eggs after she is completely grown, this is can lead to some risk for her.
Nesting behavior of bearded dragonsWhen a female ready to lay eggs, she prefers to spend more time sleeping under the heater, she seems to be lethargic, slowly. About 4-6 weeks since she successful mating, her abdominal bloating and get ready to lay eggs. In fact, you can see the eggs are visible from the outside and you can feel them if touching. After 3 weeks, she starts to burrow in the cage, when it happened, you should provide her a convenient area to nesting. Prepare a plastic tub or container that includes a secure lid, this container should be large about 8-10 gallon capacity. Fill the best tanks bearded dragons with at least 8 inches of moist, sandy soil. This mixture will be a good condition for her nesting behavior. Put her in this container and let her dig a burrow and lay eggs within a few hours.
If she does not lay eggs for a few hours in the container, you should place her back in her cage and repeat this process in the following day. Normally, female dragons will lay eggs in the afternoon or early evening, you should place her inlay chamber in this time of the day. The ideal temperature that you should maintain for the lay chamber is about 80 F degrees. Using the best reptile incubator to take easy care for these eggs.
How often do juvenile bearded dragons eat?A bearded dragon is considered as a juvenile when it is between 5 to 18 months old. Once your bearded dragons reach the juvenile stage of life, they should be fed less frequently than when they are younger. Because at that time, juvenile bearded dragon will slow down their growth speed and start reserve fat. If you still feed a juvenile bearded dragon with the same rate as a baby, this may cause the risk of obesity and health problem for it. It is ideal to feed them. Typically, a juvenile bearded dragon should be fed about twice or three times per day. Note: You should never place bearded dragons directly on the substrate. Even the best substrate for bearded dragons is also not the ideal place to put food, put these foods in a food dish instead.
What is juvenile bearded dragons diet?The diet of juvenile bearded dragons is quite different from the baby diet. The ratio of insects to plants also changes as well. It is recommended to feed a juvenile a diet is 50% insects and 50% plants, vegetables and fruit. You should offer them only plants in the morning and only insects for the afternoon. Because if you provide them both plants and insect food at the same time, your bearded dragons may eat only insects and ignore their vegetables.
Live insect for juvenile bearded dragonJuvenile bearded dragons can be allowed to eat some insects that avoided to feed for the babies such as mealworms, but only offer them mealworms for once time per week as treat. You can also provide larger insects for them. However, do not feed them any insects that larger than their head. From 5 to 18 months olds, bearded dragons can eat 10-15 dubia roaches and about 20-40 appropriately sized crickets per day.
#1 OverallCarefresh is confetti paper bedding; this bedding can be the best option for the owners who are looking for the comfortable and softy material to fill the guinea pig cage. This guinea pig bedding ideas for both indoor and outdoor guinea pig beds. This paper bedding is made from recycled paper, which is environment friendly. Due to this, you can rest your mind that this bedding is totally non-toxic even if your pets ingest it. Besides, it has the ability to biodegradable. Kaytee is made from reclaimed wood fibers, this material also friendly with the environment again. This bedding can expand about 3x its size in the package for maximum value.
#2 Odor controlThe most important factor that you looking for is the odor control ability, then don’t worry because these two products are excellent at this job. Carefresh Complete Pet Bedding is considered as the best bedding for guinea pig odor control since it can remain fresh for ten days straight without any cleaning. It is also twice as absorbent as wood shavings. Kaytee bedding is 20% more absorbent. It can hold liquid for up to 4 times its weigh. Moreover, Kaytee comes with a pleasant scent of lavender, which helps to remove any bad odor. However, sometimes this fragrance of lavender may be too strong for some guinea pigs.
#3 MaintenanceCarefresh is made of organic and natural wood fibers, so it is sustainable and long-lasting, resulting in less frequent changes in bedding. Paper bedding is not expensive to buy, but normally it will require keeping on change and refill. However, you can spot clean it, just removing the soiled part and leave the rest will much save the cost. Kaytee bedding made of white paper, its color helps you easy to find any dirty part and cleaning. However, due to its white color, the cage will become very messy if you do not clean it regularly.
#1 Zoo Med Eco Earth Loose Coconut Fiber SubstrateAt the top of best coconut fiber bedding is Zoo Med Eco Earth. Zoo Med is a reliable well know brand for producing reptile products. This is an ideal bedding for more natural terrarium as it all natural and has been carefully removed from impurities. It is not only good for tortoise but also other reptiles. It has the texture that soft enough to not hurt your pets and also allow them to burrow down into it. It maintains the good humidity levels for the cage. If you want to increase the humidity levels, you can soak this coconut fiber before placing it to the tank. It is also eco friendly as before be used as a tortoise substrate, it can also be reused in gardens and filling for potted plants.
#2 Reptile Prime Coconut Fiber Bedding Substrate for reptiles, amphibians, or invertebratesThe second option is Reptile Prime Coconut Fiber Bedding. The bedding can be use damp or dry depending on your pet’s requirements. Due to that, it can do the great job for both desert or tropical reptiles. It can be the good option if you want to increase or maintain the humidity levels within the tank as has great capability in retaining humidity. It also has the natural ability of absorbing and breaking down odors, which helps keep your tortoises terrarium is clean and hygienic. Like other coconut fiber bedding, you can recycle it and use for potted plants. #3 SunGrow 1.5 oz. Coconut Fiber, Comfortable Bedding This is completely raw coconut fiber that is sterilized, what make it 100% safe and also edible for your tortoise. Althought this bedding is recommended for Small birds such as finches, canary and budgies for nesting, however you also can use it for tortoise bedding. The drawback is that it not good to retain humidity levels. But it will make the perfect soft and cozy home for your pet. Its texture also allows your pets to burrow deep down to it. It is free of mess and dust fiber, so it doesn’t have many particles, what makes it easier for your to clean the tank.
#4 Hamiledyi Reptile Carpet Natural Coconut Fiber Tortoise Carpet for Terrarium LinerUnlike the previous products in this list, Hamiledyi Reptile Carpet is the coconut fiber liner. This carpet will create a natural look for the tortoise tank and also healthier for them than most options. The drawback is that this texture does not allow tortoise to burrow but it offer many other benefits for the terrarium. The liner is much easier to clean than normal coconut fiber bedding form. It is also treated with a biodegradable enzyme to reduces odors. You just need to rolls out the plush carpet and cut it to the appreciate size with the tank. What I like about the liner form is that it can be reused. Due to this it is an economic option as you can rinse it with cold tap water and air dry and reuse for multiple times. The coconut fiber carpet holds heat and retain moisture very well. It comes in a pack of two sheets, so you will have the backup carpet when the other one is washed.
#5 POPETPOP Reptile Carpet Coconut Fiber Reptiles Bedding LinerThis is another reptile carpet that measure 23.6" x 15.7" inches but it can be cut to the appreciate size with your tank. This carpet from POPETPOP is made of high quality coconut fiber and natural latex. It has the capacity of strong filterability and dust-free, what make it totally safe for tortoise. Due to the raw material, it is edible and durable to not easy to deform. So you do not need to worry about digestion problem when using it. What I like most about this coconut fiber carpet is its breathability ability, what make it easy to clean as it just need to be washed under the clear water. And then the water easily passes through the coir fiber, so it is very quickly to dry. One more advantage is that it does not allow any bugs are existed on the carpet.
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